Hamil 38 Minggu, Begini Kondisi Bayi dan Gejala yang Dirasakannya

Usia hamil 38 minggu merupakan trimester ketiga (terakhir) pada masa kehamilan. Itu artinya, proses persalinan hanya tinggal menunggu hitungan minggu. Pada usia kehamilan ini, ibu akan mengalami sejumlah gejala yang memengaruhi fisik maupun pikiran.

Tidak hanya ibu saja, janin dalam kandungan juga mengalami banyak perkembangan pada usia hamil 38 minggu. Perkembangan bayi dalam kandungan terlihat dari berat, ukuran, serta organ-organ tubuh, mulai dari mata hingga paru-paru.

Perkembangan bayi saat hamil 38 minggu

Pada usia hamil 38 minggu, bayi dalam kandungan biasanya mempunyai panjang sekitar 49,3 cm dan berat sebesar 3,18 kg. Namun, perlu diperhatikan bahwa angka tersebut hanyalah pedoman umum sehingga tinggi dan berat antara satu bayi dengan yang lain bisa berbeda-beda pada usia kehamilan ini. Ketika lahir, bayi Anda mungkin saja berukuran lebih besar atau malah lebih kecil dibandingkan saat usia hamil 38 minggu.Selain tinggi dan berat, beberapa perkembangan yang terjadi pada calon bayi di usia kehamilan ini, di antaranya:

  • Hilangnya rambut halus (lanugo)

Pada minggu ke-38 usia kehamilan, rambut halus yang menutupi tubuh bayi saat berada di rahim atau lebih dikenal dengan lanugo akan mulai rontok. Meskipun begitu, sebagian rambut halus mungkin saja tertinggal pada bahu dan lengan bayi ketika lahir. Selain itu, bayi Anda masih memiliki sedikit vernix, zat yang melindungi kulit bayi.

  • Usus dipenuhi mekonium

Di usia hamil 38 minggu, usus bayi Anda dipenuhi dengan mekonium (kotoran pertama bayi saat lahir). Kotoran bayi awalnya akan berwarna hitam sebelum kemudian perlahan berubah menjadi hijau dan kuning saat mulai meminum ASI.

  • Menguatnya paru-paru

Pada usia hamil 38 minggu, paru-baru bayi mulai menguat. Selain itu, pita suara bayi mulai berkembang sehingga siap untuk berkomunikasi dengan Anda melalui tangisan.Perlu dicatat, perkembangan yang terjadi pada bayi di usia kehamilan ini akan berbeda satu sama lain. Jadi, mungkin saja bayi dalam kandungan Anda mengalami perkembangan lebih lambat atau cepat dari yang lain.

Gejala pada ibu hamil 38 minggu

Berbeda dengan bayi yang mengalami banyak perkembangan, Anda mungkin akan mengalami sejumlah gejala pada usia kehamilan ini. Beberapa gejala yang bisa muncul pada usia hamil 38, antara lain:

  • Sering buang air kecil
Memasuki usia hamil 38 minggu, ibu akan semakin sering buang air kecil
Saat posisi bayi turun ke panggul, ibu hamil makin sering ke toilet

Saat posisi bayi turun ke panggul, ibu hamil makin sering ke toiletApabila Anda sering buang air kecil pada usia kehamilan ini, tandanya bayi sudah semakin turun ke panggul. Keberadaan bayi di panggul membuat ruang untuk kandung kemih berkurang sehingga Anda menjadi lebih sering ke toilet. Meskipun sering buang air kecil, Anda tetap harus banyak minum air untuk menjaga tubuh tetap terhidrasi. 

  • Diare

Diare dapat menjadi pertanda bahwa persalinan sudah dekat. Pada saat ini, Anda harus banyak meminum air dan menghindari makanan berlemak atau mengandung serat tidak larut.

  • Perut gatal

Salah satu cara menghilangkan rasa gatal di perut adalah dengan mengoleskan minyak vitamin E. Selain itu, Anda juga dapat mempersiapkan kapsul vitamin E tambahan untuk membantu menghilangkan rasa sakit di puting ketika menyusui.

  • Insomnia

Pada usia kehamilan ini, Anda mulai banyak memikirkan tentang persalinan. Bagi para ibu yang baru pertama kali hamil, membayangkan proses persalinan tentu membuat khawatir. Belum lagi beberapa ibu merasa ragu akan kemampuannya dalam mengurus si Kecil setelah ia lahir nanti. Hal-hal ini akan membuat Anda menjadi sulit tidur (insomnia). Untuk mengatasinya, cobalah untuk membaca buku atau majalah yang bisa membuat pikiran lebih tenang.

  • Payudara makin membesar

Payudara Anda akan semakin membesar pada usia hamil 38 minggu. Makin besarnya payudara memungkinkan terjadinya kebocoran kolostrum (rembesnya ASI) sebelum bayi lahir.Gejala yang dirasakan oleh ibu hamil pada usia ini mungkin akan berbeda satu sama lain. Jika Anda merasa terganggu dengan gejala yang ditimbulkan, segera berkonsultasi dengan dokter untuk mendapatkan penanganan.

Tips bagi ibu yang memasuki usia hamil 38 minggu

Pilih olahraga yang aman seperti yoga ketika ibu hamil 38 minggu
oga adalah pilihan olahraga yang aman untuk bumil

Yoga adalah pilihan olahraga yang aman untuk bumilMengingat perut akan semakin membesar pada usia kehamilan ini, ada sejumlah tips yang bisa Anda terapkan, khususnya untuk menjaga keseimbangan. Beberapa tips yang dapat diterapkan di usia hamil 38 minggu meliputi:

  • Menggunakan flat shoes supaya lebih nyaman saat berjalan
  • Meluangkan banyak waktu dan bergeraklah lebih lambat dari biasanya
  • Berhati-hati ketika mencoba untuk meraih sesuatu
  • Hindari hal-hal yang dapat menyebabkan kehilangan keseimbangan
  • Menggunakan sabuk penyokong perut (belly band) bila diperlukan
  • Lakukan olahraga yang aman, contohnya yoga atau berjalan kaki santai
  • Mengonsumsi makanan bernutrisi dan minum cukup air untuk mencegah pusing

Selain tips di atas, pastikan Anda melakukan segalanya dengan hati-hati pada usia hamil 38 minggu. Hindarilah melakukan aktivitas yang bisa membuat Anda kehilangan keseimbangan dan jatuh karena dapat berdampak buruk bagi perkembangan bayi dalam kandungan.

Referensi :

Very Well Family. https://www.verywellfamily.com/38-weeks-pregnant-4159251
Diakses pada 25 Agustus 2020What to Expect. https://www.whattoexpect.com/pregnancy/week-by-week/week-38.aspx
Diakses pada 25 Agustus 2020Raisingchildren.net.au. https://raisingchildren.net.au/pregnancy/week-by-week/third-trimester/38-weeks
#copas

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